Ophel and Hulda Gates -

This is believed to be the steps and the gate Jesus and his disciples walked through.

  1. This article below is from
  2. Ophel Archaeological Garden in Jerusalem
  3. Jerusalem is known for its tourist spots having immense religious, political and historical importance. When you go on a trip to Jerusalem, one tourist spot that you must visit is the Ophel Archaeological Garden in Jerusalem. If you want to know about the glorious past of Jerusalem then a tour of the Ophel Archaeological Garden in Jerusalem is a must. In the 25 layers of ruins you will get to see in these structures, you will know about the 2500 years of Jerusalem's existence.
  4. The Ophel Archaeological Garden in Jerusalem is located below the southeastern corner of the Temple Mount. Here, you will discover ancient staircase and the Hulda Gate which was the main entrance point used by the worshippers who wanted to offer prayers in the Second Temple. Not only that, the Ophel Archaeological Garden also has excavated remains of the complexes of the royal palaces from the 7th century Muslim period.
  5. When you go to the Ophel Archaeological Garden in Jerusalem for a trip then you will also find the remnants of a row of shops which once existed in the fairly populated area below the Temple Mount. These act as remembrance of once vibrant market area near this place of worship. You will know about the Roman invasion and see the evidence of their attack on the pavement. You will find stones here which were once toppled by the Roman army when they invaded the Temple Mount in 70 C.E. Houses of Roman age and later periods can also be seen here. A part of the stairway leading to the Second Temple has been reconstructed later and you can still see when you look below the Al-Aqsa Mosque, the remaining part of the original double archway of the staircase.
  6. To appreciate the magnificence of the Temple complex and later palaces and public buildings, this tour is a must. A row of shops once existed below the Temple Mount, and on the pavement you can see the stones that were toppled from the Mount by the Roman army in 70 C.E. Part of a broad stairway has been reconstructed and part of the original double archway is still visible below Al-Aqsa Mosque. Remains of private homes and businesses from the late Roman and other periods are also visible. If you are in a trip to Jerusalem to visit this tourist spot then it is advisable that you be there during the Bar Mitzvah celebration, as this is a popular venue for this festival. Visist this web site CLICK HERE
  7. The estern triple Hulda gates that used to lead into the temple.
  8. This article below is from
  9. Permission for there articles was granted to Simon Brown by Rotem, of 
  10. Overview:

  12.     Excavations of recent years have unearthed amazing structures related to the second temple in the south-east side of the temple mount, including the flight of stairs leading to the temple, the gates that led to the temple, and ritual baths, cisterns, residential houses and fortifications.
  14. Location:

  16.    The area is located on the south-east side of the temple mount, inside the old city. The area is approached through the Ha'Ashpathot (Dung) gate which is located on the south side of the area, which is today an Archaeological park.
  19. History of the place:

  21. Iron/Israelite period

  23.    The southern side of the temple mount was built and fortified from the Iron/Israelite period.  The site was referred in the Bible as the "Ophel" (the high place) - meaning the upper city (acropolis) of ancient Jerusalem. Parts of the Biblical walls and rooms were found in the archaeological excavations at the site.
  25. Hellenistic/Hasmonean period

  27.    The excavations also revealed several layers of structures from later periods, most of them from the Hellenistic period (Hasmonean Kingdom) and Roman/Byzantine period. 
  29. Roman Period

  31.    The grand structures are from the early Roman period: Herod the Great, King of Israel under the Romans (37BC - 4BC), enlarged and rebuilt the second temple, and made it a magnificent temple.

       Part of the temple infrastructure were the main gates to the temple, called the Hulda Gates. A monumental staircase was added to enable the thousands of pilgrims to walk into the temple. The location of the gates is indicated by a yellow circle on the illustration of the reconstruction of Herod's temple, dated to the end of the 1st C BC.


      The Hulda gates are located 6M above the level of the southern street, and their total length is 15M. Dozens of ritual baths were part of the installations around the entry, so the visitors can purify themselves before entering the Holy site.


       Reconstruction of the Herodian temple, and the location of the Hulda Gates on the southern wall

  35.      The destruction in 70 AD, after the Jewish revolt against the Romans, left most of Herod's second temple in rubble.  Their location was lost until recent explorations (19th C) and excavations (20thC).
  36. For more info: A special web page reviews the gates and bridges of Herod's grand temple. GO TO THIS WEB SITE


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